The designation “Vedic Period” is a modern construct, which relies on evidence of an Indo-Aryan migration, which, as noted, is not universally accepted. They worshipped forces of nature. The people worshipped them with less zeal. New gods and goddesses emerged during this period. Yajur Veda – this deals with the ways to perform rituals. India - India - Early Vedic period: In addition to the archaeological legacy discussed above, there remains from this period the earliest literary record of Indian culture, the Vedas. By IMP CENTER. Sacrifice was offered for Praja (children), Pasu (cattle) and Dhana (wealth) and not for … Vedic culture is divided into two groups and four Vedas – Aryans, Dravidians, and Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra respectively. The society was a true moral order. Social, Religious and Political Life of Rig (Early) Vedic Aryans . People worshipped their male ancestors. Rig Veda – this is the oldest religious text in the world. The second most devoted God was Agni on whom 200 hymns were written. The Vedic religion developed during the early Vedic period (1500–1100 BCE), but has roots in the Eurasian steppe Sintashta culture (2200–1800 BCE) and the subsequent Central Asian Andronovo culture (2000–900 BCE), and possibly also the Indus Valley Civilisation (2600–1900 BCE). Some of the hymns express the idea that God is one, but he is called by many names. Worship of different forces of nature formed a part of their religious belief. The general opinion regarding the home of Aryans were somewhere in Steppes (from South Russia to Central Russia). The Rig Veda is believed to be the oldest; and is the source of the religion of the early Vedic period. During the later Vedic period the religious spirit underwent a great change. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION (Political, social, Economical & Religious life) - … The earliest Vedic religious beliefs included some held in common with other Indo-European-speaking peoples, particularly with the early Iranians. Aryans spread into the Ganges River valley about 1000 B.C.E. The Brahmins were integral and indispensable. For understanding the Vedic history times, the Vedas alone are our sources. They used to perform their own duties and preferred to lead a happy and contented life. The Rig Vedic Aryans ascribed life to many objects of nature. Indra – the King of Gods Agni – the God of fire Surya – the Sun God Varuna – the God of water Vayu – the God of wind Usha – the Goddess of dawn were worshipped. The ecclesiastical simplicity of the earlier era had come to be lost forever. New Gods: The Rig Vedic gods, Varun, Indra, Agni, Surya, Usha etc. Vedic religion. Rajans in the political life of early Vedic period became Samrats, who now had to protect the territory and conquer the territories of others. The Vedic Civilization is best understood from the social life, political organisation, economic life and religious beliefs. Join now. Women were also not allowed to actively take part in the affairs of the state. The Early Vedic religion is also known as henotheism or kathenotheism — a belief in single god, each, in turn, standing out as the highest. Taxation system got initiated for the first time in the political life of Vedic period. They were highly religious and God fearing. If we take 'Vedic Period' to refer to the period when the Vedas were composed, we can say that early vedic religion centred around … It is quite clear that there was a freedom and mobility in the adoption of professions. Father was the head of the family and was very powerful. Question 17: Write a short note on the religious conditions during the Vedic period. It was advocated that 'Karma' of this life influences the life after, i.e., rebirth. Social Life. Composed in archaic, or Vedic, Sanskrit, generally dated between 1500 and 800 bce, and transmitted orally, the Vedas comprise four major texts—the Rig-, the Sama-, the Yajur-, and the Atharvaveda. Vedic Age – GK Question Quiz. DURING the Vedic Age, which came to a close in the eighth century B.C., the Aryan settlers spread gradually eastward and southward. Difference between Early and Later Vedic Period - Indian History for UPSC Prelims 2018 ... 26:52. Members of one family took two different professions. Religion was overshadowed with rites and rituals. Society was essentially patriarchal and birth of son was desired repeatedly. The fundamental postulates of early vedic religious belief are as follows. Religion in Later Vedic Period Important Gods of the Early Vedic period like Indra and Agni lost their importance. The Aryans led a. pastoral life and spent their time amid the bounties of nature. These include the emergence of early Hinduism as the foundational religion of India, and the social/religious phenomenon known as caste. Decline in worship of nature led to emergence of a host of new gods and goddesses. The Vedic Age is the “heroic age” of ancient Indian civilization.It is also the formative period when the basic foundations of Indian civilization were laid down. Social and religious norms and practices became more rigid and complex in the later Vedic age. These include the emergence of early Hinduism as the foundational religion of India, and the social/religious phenomenon known as caste. The following hymn from Rig Veda illustrates the vedic monotheism. Aryans seem to have believed in monotheism. Religious Life. Sama Veda – deals with music. Prajapathi (the creator), Vishnu (the protector) and Rudra (the destroyer) became prominent during the Later Vedic period. Since there were no scientific explanations for natural phenomena like rain, thunder, wind, etc. The social life of the Aryans in the Rig Vedic age was as simple as it was sacred. We get information on the religion of the Aryans from the Vedas. Extensive changes came in the religious life of the society of the later Vedic ages. Indra was the most important God. Nature Worship. However, the high standard of social life was lost with the march of time. This means that people in the early Vedic period worshipped different forms of nature as god like sun, earth, moon, wind, rain, and other natural phenomena. Log in. The status of had degraded during the later Vedic period as compared to their position in the early Vedic Age. Find an answer to your question Religious life of the early and later vedic period 1. Religious Beliefs. Dancing and singing were enjoyed by both the sexes while horse races and gambling were the pastimes of the males only. At first they occupied the Punjab, but ere the Rigvedic period was ended they had reached the banks of the Jumna and the Ganges in the "Middle Country". Another chief feature of the later Vedic period was the vanashram system. About that time, they developed the use of iron tools and weapons. Birth of daughter was regarded as an unfortunate event. The families were patriarchial. In the Vedic period, agriculture and pastoralism were economic factors. Join now. Concept of hereditary trade and occupation … • Man’s life was divided into four stages of 25 years each. Around 250 hymns were devoted to him. They believed that some divine power works behind these objects of nauture such as fire, water, wind, etc. Aryans lead a simple religious life. It has also been described as the “worship of nature”. 1. The kings and nobles began to keep several wives. The latter period is called the Later Vedic Age. Therefore it can be seen that great many alterations had taken place in the religion of the Aryans during the later Vedic Period. The Kula was headed by a Kulapa, who was usually the eldest member. Rig Veda was composed during the Early Vedic Age. The religious belief of the Vedic people was very simple in nature. Though it is impossible to say when Vedism eventually gave way to classical Hinduism, a decrease in literary activity among the Vedic schools from the 5th century bce onward can be observed, and about that time a more Hindu character began to appear. Religion in early Vedic period . Log in. The general opinion regarding the home of Aryans were somewhere in Steppes (from South Russia to Central Russia). The Kula or family was the basic unit of Rig-Vedic society. The other three were written in the Later Vedic Age. The result was a peaceful, contented, healthy and refined social life in the early Vedic period. Sacrifices were still important and the rituals connected withthem became more elaborate. Social Life: During the Rig Vedic period, both men and women were devoted to recreations of various kinds. The Rig Vedic hymns throw liberal light on the Rig Vedic Religion or Early Vedic Religion. Vedic Age: The Aryans – Objective Question Answer MCQ: Dear Aspirant, here we included the important objective questions and answers as an MCQ format from Vedic age.Out of them some already come in various competitive examinations. The early part of the Vedic Age is called the Early Vedic Age (Rigvedaic Age). A number of ministers known as "Ratnins", were also appointed to assist the king. Rig Vedic Age gives us the knowledge about the Aryans. The Vedic Period (c. 1500 - c. 500 BCE) is the era in which the Vedas were committed to writing, but this has nothing to do with the age of the concepts or the oral traditions themselves. Now, religion came to be entangled in a mesh of rites and rituals. Religion in early Vedic period revolved around crude forms of worshipping which basically includes nature worship. It was founded in 1200 BCE. The literature of Vedic was composed during the time of the Aryans. In the beginning of the vedic age caste system, as a formulated on the basis of persons birth, was very much absent. Rig Vedic Age gives us the knowledge about the Aryans. He could even disinherit his son. New gods like Siva, Rupa, Vishnu, Brahma etc. In the later Vedic period joint family system was prevalent. The Vedic Age is the “heroic age” of ancient Indian civilization. The members of the family were bound by strong family bond of love and affection and led an ideal life. The early Vedic period is marked by the infiltration of Aryan peoples into the Indian sub-continent and their interaction with the Dravidian people. Ask your question. Share. 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